|Chained indigenous rubber workers.|
|Rubber king Arana.|
|A rubber industry workhouse.|
|Sir Roger Casemont, an Englishman |
who investigated the rubber industry's
|La Voragine, a classic novel |
about the rubber industry's abuses.
The horrors of the rubber, or caucho, exploitation were immortalized by Colombian writer José Eustasio Rivera in his 1924 novel El Voragine.
Almost all of the rubber production was done in the Putumayo region by a Peruvian company named La Casa Arana, which exported most of its rubber to England, altho the United States' automobile boom also drove the demand for rubber.
|A sign today on Plaza Bolivar says that native |
peoples have nothing to celebrate.
The story has a dramatic postscript. Casemont, who had also investigated atrocities by Belgium in the African Congo, went on to fight for Irish independence - by conspiring with Germany during World War I. However, he was captured by the British and hanged in 1916. Mario Vargas Llosa wrote Casemont's story in his recent historical novel 'The Dream of the Celt.'
|An indigenous woman and child begging on a sidewalk in downtown Bogotá. Indigenous people from the Amazon have had a particularly difficult time integrating into western culture.|
|Indigenous women street merchants. Indigenous people from mountain and desert regions, particularly Quechua speakers from Ecuador, seem to succeed relatively well commercially.|
|An indigenous woman wheels her wares past a street mural saying 'Mucho Indio.'|
By Mike Ceaser, of Bogotá Bike Tours